Gestational diabetes test is a must for pregnant women as about 3-10% of them develop this particular type of diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes Testing
One may get it mixed up with the type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The main criterion that differentiates the gestational diabetes from other types is that it occurs during pregnancy only. Blood sugar level may rise so high that insulin injection may be a must. However, there are two gestational diabetes test options you can undergo to identify the condition.
There are some common symptoms for diabetes. The most common ones are nausea, vomiting, frequent urination and increased thirst. There is a relation to infection as well. You may have bladder infection or yeast infection. Moreover, the other two common symptoms are blurred vision and fatigue. Only these symptoms may not be enough and so you should go for a gestational diabetes test. Your doctor or midwife can help you what test you have to take.
Common Gestational Diabetes Testing
As gestational diabetes can affect both the mother and baby and so doctors and midwives usually screen for gestational diabetes in a routine manner. Generally you should screen for this particular diabetes during the 24-28 weeks of pregnancy. You may need to go for another confirmation test when the screening is positive. That is why every pregnant woman should be familiar with the concept of gestational diabetes test.
When a pregnant woman is below 25 years of age and her body mass is less than 27, doctors call the woman to be at low risk. Women of this type and with no family history of diabetes usually do not require gestational diabetes test.
Random blood test is the most common test of any type diabetes. Usually a basic screening is done to see if the readings are high enough for a further test. This is how the process continues towards gestational diabetes test.
Two Major Tests
There are some different tests used as gestational diabetes tests. One common test is called “Non-Challenge Blood Glucose Test.” Doctors usually recommend this gestational diabetes test at the first prenatal visit. This is an inexpensive and patient-friendly test.
During the 24-28 weeks of pregnancy the “Screening Glucose Challenge Test” is required. This gestational diabetes test is practically a version of Oral Glucose Tolerance Test. As a preparation of the test, the woman has to drink a solution with 50 grams of glucose and then blood glucose is measured after an hour.
The “Oral Glucose Tolerance Test” requires a preparation from the earlier night.
You need to go for overnight fast for 8 to 14 hours. Normal eating habit should be continued for three days prior to the test. Smoking should be stopped at this time. She would drink a glucose solution for the gestational diabetes test. Blood would be drawn at different stages of the test period. This test is an effective one.
You can use the “Urinary Glucose Testing” as a substitute for the gestational diabetes tests though this test has been proved ineffective in many cases. You need to dip the test strip into the urine sample. You may try to avoid this test.