Even if you have someone with diabetes in your family, you may not be aware that there are different types of diabetes mellitus. Obviously, when there is diabetes mellitus type 2, there must be a type 1 also. Well, then how are these two types differ from each other. This is common curiosity.
The Type 2
Well, diabetes mellitus type 2 was earlier known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes. As it occurs more among adults, t is also known as adult-onset diabetes. In this diabetes the body or to say more particularly the pancreas produces insulin. The problem lies in the body’s failure to use that insulin in a proper way. So, the body cannot process sugar the right way. This is why type 2 is so much different from type 1 diabetes which isn’t insulin resistant. In type 1, the body doesn’t produce enough insulin.
When you develop diabetes mellitus type 2, insulin doesn’t react to glucose the way it should. There are other situations. There may be increased production of hepatic glucose, decreased transportation of insulin glucose to muscle. The beta cells of the pancreas may not work properly.
The problem with diabetes mellitus type 2 is that the mild symptoms may not come to your notice for a long time. You aren’t going to be in coma, but diagnosing late is never a good idea. There are other complications like increased risk of coronary artery disease, renal failure, and even blindness.
Tow things are necessary to keep diabetes mellitus type 2 away from you. They are regular exercise and proper nutrition.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 is different from type 1 as the former is not insulin-dependent. To treat type 2 you may have no need to go for insulin injections. However, you need to remember that this type of diabetes progressively becomes worse and creates multiple complications. You need to preserve the quality of life through proper management.
To control diabetes mellitus type 2, you can easily depend on a lifestyle change. In fact, in many cases, only this strategy can get someone away from this type of diabetes. You need to adjust your diet to some extent. At the same time, you have got to give time for exercise. Your blood sugar may come under control only by these strategies. However, you should consult with your doctor before you go on changing things in your life.
You may self-monitor your blood glucose level by using a meter that uses a small amount of blood. This is particularly needed for people suffering for a long time. You can also depend on a diet to have control over diabetes mellitus type 2. You see, proper management is necessary.
Getting educated about diabetes mellitus type 2 can help you cope up with the condition in an effective way.